5 Most Visited Mountain In East Java
East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur, abbreviated as Jatim, Javanese: Jåwå Wétan) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the eastern part of the island of Java and includes the neighbouring islands of Madura, and the Kangean, Sapudi, Bawean, andMasalembu groups. The dominant cultures are Javanese and, in the north-east, Madurese, as opposed to the Sundanese of western Java.
It covers an area of 47,800 km2, and had a population of 37,476,757 at the 2010 Census, making it Indonesia’s second most populated province (after West Java); the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 38,529,481. Its capital is Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia and a major industrial center and port (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Java).
East Java contains some of the largest and most impressive mountain massifs in Indonesia and there are relatively few hikes that can be completed in a single day. The provincial capital is the city of Surabaya, which has an international airport, and the area is served by reasonably good railway services, connecting Banyuwangi, Malang and Surabaya with destinations in other Java provinces.
STATISTICS AND LINKS TO EAST JAVA’S RIBUS
|Name||Elevation||Prominence||Ribu Category||Island||Bagging Info|
|Semeru||3,676 m||3,676 m||Sangat Tinggi||Java|
|Arjuno||3,339 m||2,811 m||Sangat Tinggi||Java|
|Raung||3,332 m||3,069 m||Sangat Tinggi||Java|
|Lawu||3,265 m||3,118 m||Sangat Tinggi||Java|
|Argopuro||3,088 m||2,745 m||Sangat Tinggi||Java|
|Butak||2,868 m||1,673 m||Tinggi Sedang||Java|
|Ijen (Merapi)||2,803 m||1,218 m||Tinggi Sedang||Java|
|Bromo (Pananjakan)||2,782 m||586 m||Spesial||Java|
|Liman||2,563 m||2,130 m||Tinggi Sedang||Java|
|Kelud||1,724 m||938 m||Spesial||Java|
|Lamongan (Tarub)||1,667 m||1,108 m||Kurang Tinggi||Java|
|Penanggungan||1,653 m||1,020 m||Kurang Tinggi||Java|
|Baluran||1,265 m||1,022 m||Kurang Tinggi||Java|
|Ringgit||1,249 m||890 m||Spesial||Java|
|Pulau Bawean (Gunung Tengghi)||655 m||655 m||Spesial||Java|
Among the east java mountain on the list above there are 4 mountain which become most visited and 1 mountain is not on the list (Kawi mountain).
Here are the 5 most visited mountain in east Java island :
Located some 4 hours drive from Surabaya, the capital of East Java, Mount Bromo is a part of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park that covers a massive area of 800 square kilometres. While it may be small when measured against other volcanoes in Indonesia, the magnificent Mt Bromo will not disappoint with its spectacular views and dramatic landscapes. At 2392 meters tall, Mt Bromo is not among the tallest of Indonesia’s mountains but its stunning beauty lies in its incredible setting.
From a vantage point on Mount Penanjakan (2,770 meters above sea level), 2.5 hours from Malang. visitors from around the world come to see the sunrise over Mt Bromo. From this spot the vista is magnificent. All you will hear is the click of cameras as visitors snap their camera’s hoping to capture the incredible scene of Mt Bromo in the foreground with Mt Semeru smoking in the distance and the sun shining brightly, quickly rising in the sky.
The eerie landscape has spurned countless legends and myths. Mt Bromo has particular significance for the Tengger people who believe that this was the site where a brave prince sacrificed his life for his family. The people here appease the Gods once a year during the annual Kasada festival where offerings of vegetables, chickens and money are thrown into the crater of the volcano.(http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/243/mount-bromo)
Ijen plateau or known as “Kawah Ijen” is highly recommended to mountain buffs and hikers. The Plateau was at one time a huge active crater, 134 sq km in area. Today, Ijen is a quiet but active volcano, and the landscape is dominated by the volcanic cones of Ijen (2,368 asl) and Merapi (2,800 asl) on the northeastern edge of the Plateau, and Raung (3,332 asl) on the southwest corner.
The magnificent turquoise sulfur lake of Kawah Ijen lies at 2148 m above sea level and is surrounded by the volcanos sheer crater walls. The vent is a source of sulfur and collectors work here, making the trek up to the crater and down to the lake every day. Sulfur collectors hike up in the morning and return around 1 pm when the clouds roll in. They carry shoulder basket of pure sulfur from a quarry on the lakes edge under the shadow of the sheer walls of the crater. The mineral at Kawah Ijen is purer and is worth commercial exploitation despite the horrendous labor involved: Javas homegrown sulfur is a natural source of sulfuric acid, in great demand in the oil-refining business and in the production of fertilizers(http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/293/ijen-crater)
Kelud volcano (also spelled Kelut) is one of East Java’s most active volcanoes. The volcano has a spectacular large crater that contains a lake, which was a popular weekend destination but also the origin of devastating mud flows (lahars). In Oct-Nov 2007, a new lava dome grew within the lake to form an island, replacing most of the water.
Kelut is notorious among Indonesia’s volcanoes for its violent, and often deadly explosive eruptions. One of the worst volcanic disasters occurred during the 1919 eruption, when the (then very large) crater lake drained and formed lahars that killed at least 5160 people. An eruption in 1586 is believed to have caused even more than 10,000 fatalities.
Kelud volcano eruptions
Stratovolcano 1731 m (5,679 ft)
East Java, Indonesia, -7.93°S / 112.31°E
Eruption list: 1500(?), 1548, 1586 ((sub-)Plinian eruption?), 1641 (sub-Plininan eruption?), 1716, 1752, 1756(?), 1771, 1776, 1785, 1811, 1825, 1826, 1835, 1848, 1849(?), 1864, 1901, 1919, 1920, 1951, 1966, 1967, 1990, Oct-Nov 2007, 13 Feb 2014
13 Feb 2014 explosive eruption
A violent explosion occurred on the evening of 13 Feb 2014, destroying the lava dome.
An ash column rose to 10-15 km altitude and formed a plume of several 100 km length and width that drifted over the Indian Ocean. Heavy ash fall occurred in distances of up to 200 km, and several airports on Java needed to shut down temporarily. (http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/)
Mount Semeru is the highest volcano in Java. An active volcano with magnificant peak called Mahameru, 3.676 meters above sea level (12.060 feets). Mount Semeru is in Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park (TNBTR). The nearest cities to go are Malang and Lumajang,Located in the heart of the ring of fire with hundreds of volcanoes littering its belt, Indonesia boasts one single volcano that almost all local mountaineers aspire to ascend: Mount Semeru, the highest summit in Java, legendary for both its stunning scenery and extremely challenging terrain 3,676 meter-tall active volcano
the scenery around Mt. Semeru was strikingly beautiful,Hikers can enjoy heavenly vistas even without climbing to the mountain’s summit, as the surrounding area boasts Ranu Kumbolo Lake, which is famous for its turquoise blue water and the stunning green hills that surround it. Only a 15-minute walk from the lake is a breathtaking view of the Oro Oro Ombo meadow, a 100-hectare savanna.
A two-hour walk from the meadow takes hikers to the Jambangan field, which is blanketed by countless edelweiss flowers.
But for those that choose to climb, it is not only leg ache that you must contend with. Hikers need to avoid the poisonous gas regularly emitted from the volcano and, as such, hikers must reach the summit before noon as the change of wind direction wafts the poisonous gas onto the climbing route.
As the climb to the summit from the lowest camp takes roughly seven hours, hikers performing the so-called “summit attack” must start ascending at midnight, in the face of strong winds and minus-zero temperatures.
The seven-hour climb was painstaking as a 60-degree climb on sandy terrain offers unstable footing, which is energy-sapping, as well as the constant fear of falling rocks from above.
Still, the reward from watching sunrise from the summit of Mt. Semeru was worth the pain, with Java’s coastline, the nearby mountains, cities and the crater all joining to create a panoramic, picture-perfect view above the clouds.
This mountain is not on the list because most of the visitor come to mount Kawi only for religious and spiritual reasons.There are several sacred shrines at Mount Kawi, such as the burial tombs of two well-known rêsi (seers), namely Kanjeng Kyai Zakaria II (also known as ‘Mbah Jugo’) and Raden Mas Iman Soedjono (alias ‘Mbah Sujo’), who were the spiritual advisors of Pangeran Diponegoro (1785–1855). When the Java War (1825–1830) broke out, the two rêsi fled to Mount Kawi in order to avoid persecution by the Dutch colonizers. The two rêsi established a spiritual learning center (a so-called ‘asrama’, or ‘padepokan’) at the slopes of Mount Kawi. The two charismatic guru teachers soon gathered a large following of students.
Hence, to this very day, both rêsi are still venerated by the local population in Malang. Indeed, their honorable deeds are commemorated by the local community, who performs rituals and offerings at their tombs at Mount Kawi. Though Mbah Sujo was Javanese, it has been suggested that Mbah Jugo was of Chinese descent. Hence, there are many Chinese who perform pilgrimage to the burial tomb of Kanjeng Kyai Zakaria II at Mount Kawi.
In addition, incense from Mount Kawi is considered a highly preferred paraphernalia for ritual worship. For this reason, the ritual incense from Mount Kawi is commonly used among Javanese mystics and Chinese spiritual practitioners, who thereby seek to enhance the mystical power and effects of the rituals they perform, which can help them to gain all sorts of virtuous blessings(http://www.indomagic.com/).
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